The ‘Explorers Tree’ outside Katoomba has been the subject of debate for generations. For reasons explained further on, there is an argument that is should more properly be referred to simply as the Marked Tree.

Blaxland, Wentworth and Lawson
Gregory  Blaxland, William Wentworth and William Lawson.

In 1813 the three men pictured above set out to cross  the Blue Mountains of New South Wales, keeping to the ridges, rather than the deep, forested valleys. Accompanied by five servants, they were the first European settlers  to succeed.

Map of journey across the Ble Mountains in 1813
Map of the journey drawn in 1913 by Frank Walker, with the path of the Great Western Road beside it.

I think we would all agree that the tree  (Eucalyptus  oreades ) is a sad sight.  But to be honest, t’was  (almost) ever thus. By the 1880s it was dead, and posing a danger to visitors and passers by. It was said that the explorers had carved their initials on the trunk, but if true they had long vanished.

Explorers tree, Blue Montains 1886
The tree standing tall, but already lifeless.

In 1904 the top was chopped off and taken to the newly built Hydro Majestic Hotel. The plan was for it to be fashioned into a relic for guests to admire. Unfortunately it was destroyed  during a bush fire, in 1922.

Explorers Tree Blue Mountains
Explorers Tree Blue Mountains

Did  Blaxland, Wentworth and Lawson,  really carve their initials on the trunk in 1813? It seems highly unlikely. There is no documented evidence, and the first mention of it did not appear until the 1860s. Some people have suggested it was all a hoax, to lure visitors up the mountains in those early days.

Of course the tree stump  was soon a target for people  wanting to leave their own mark;

We passed in the first mile a much over-rated and doubtful relic – “Wentworth’s Tree”. I have seen a good many better trees. Why the tree next to it is better. The thing isn’t a tree at all; it is an old dead stump, a fraud, not worth the trouble of putting a railing around. There are said still to remain upon it the initials of the three explorers. Three?  Wentworth must have had a big party. John Smith, Annie Smith (ladies, too), Henry Jones, William Mulqueeney – and dozens of others. At all events, Wentworth, though he may have been a good explorer, had no knowledge of timber.

Graffiti remained a problem down the years. In 1939 a  local newspaper reported;   It is a matter for regret that ‘visitors’ have found means of hacking their initials on the coping of this monument. Left alone in Westminster Abbey, such fiends would not hesitate about scratching their worthless names  on the tomb of the Unknown Warrior.

At one point it was suggested that the stump should be protected under a glass dome. The following exchange  at a council meeting was reported in The Blue Mountains Echo in 1926;

The Mayor – The glass case would not last a week up there!

Alderman Lamont commented that the subject was no joking matter. He said he had been told that a young tree could be grafted  to the stump. This created more levity with people calling out, ‘ It’s Dead!

Alderman Collins – And half eaten by white ants.

The Mayor – It has been suggested that it should be cut down and removed to the Town Hall.

Alderman Collins – But it’s loaded with white ants.

Alderman Hendry – Why not remove it to the Town Hall and substitute a model at the present site?

Alderman Collins – I move that we advise the Town Planning Association of the condition of the tree and suggest that it should erect a monument to mark the spot.

The resolution was adopted but nothing came of it.  By the way, it wasn’t the first time a glass case had been suggested;

The sacred relic, known as the Explorers’ Tree on the Bathurst-road near Katoomba, N.S.W., has been photographed for pictorial illustration no fewer than a hundred and sixty seven thousand times, and still some of the wood remains. The stump should be preserved in a glass case to show the durability of our hardwood.  (Truth Newspaper, June 12 1913)

At some point the rotted core was filled with concrete and steel bands were placed to hold the increasingly flimsy shell together. A car crashed into the surrounding wall of the stump  in 2012 and since then it has become a bit of an eyesore.

Explorerss' Tree
Oh dear me! (Photo credit – Blue Mountains Gazette)

In the end I guess it doesn’t really matter whether the explorers carved their initials on the tree or not. It still stands as a memorial to their achievement. Perhaps what’s left  needs to be incorporated within another monument. I understand the Blue Mountains Council applied for and received a $100,000 grant  from the State Government to do something, so we can only hope.

There is another complication in all this. If there is to be a replacement  monument, should it remain at the Katoomba  site, or be placed where  the 1813 expedition ended? Oddly enough  there were claims  of another marked tree  at Mount Blaxland, and photos as well.

Marked tree at Mt. Blaxland
Marked tree Mt. Blaxland
The stump protected by a stone cairn. (Mitchell Library)
The Mrked Tree by Roderick Quinn

It should be noted that Mt. Blaxland is on private property. Regardless of any decision, I do love those concluding lines in a poem written by Roderick Quinn, in 1920;

UPDATE – The Blue Mountains Council responded to this story. The government grant was awarded in August 2018. Council are  still  formulating plans for  an upgrade of the whole site.


February 21 2021…..well the ‘tree’ was finally removed due to the threat of it falling onto the highway. Apparently it has placed in storage pending restoration. Mind you, restoring what is essentially just a block of concrete will be a challenge, and no doubt a costly one. 😨

Where the Explorers' tree once stood.

Clearly someone was pleased to see it go.

The Explorer's tree will not be missed by everyone.

No matter what the circumstances (and despite the above sign), it’s always a bit sad when something goes! Thanks to Gaza the Blue Mountains Gazette cartoonist for the following;

ATTENTON TOURISTS – if you really want to see something special in the Blue Mountains, visit ANVIL ROCK.

  1. I have included your blog in INTERESTING BLOGS in FRIDAY FOSSICKING at

    Thank you, Chris

  2. The Explorer’s Tree – like many monuments – doesn’t so much commemorate the Blue Mountains crossing as much as the way in which people once viewed it. Let’s face it, the tree is completely gone, and it would be highly inappropriate (and almost certainly inaccurate) to replace it with yet another monument to Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth. The location could hardly be worse and there are already numerous monuments to the explorers at Mount York and Mount Blaxland. Frankly it’s amazing the government coughed up 100 grand for this, when probably it’d be better used for funding the depleted National Parks Service. Then we might manage to save a few living trees from the devastating bushfires that are surely coming.

  3. Mark the site then knock it down. There are more important landmarks.

  4. Thanks for a great article. I can’t help feeling a bit sad about the removal of this monument.

    • Pauline

      Thanks Mark. Yes, it’s a bit sad after so many years. The remains of the tree were part of Blue Mts. social history, whether it was authentic or not.

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